That prediction — Washington will be safer without the gun ban — stems from what's known as the "more guns, less crime" hypothesis. It argues that violent crime declines in places where more legal gun owners carry the weapons in public, both because those people are capable of self-defense, and because would-be criminals know they're out there. "More guns, less crime" has been an incredibly potent idea in local policy debates over gun laws. But is there evidence that it's true? The District, which is appealing the decision, isn't buying it.
The theory has largely been fueled by a deeply contested 1997 paper by economists John Lott and David Mustard, who concluded that "concealed handguns are the most cost-effective method of reducing crime thus far analyzed by economists." If states without concealed-carry laws had them back in 1992, Lott and Mustard calculated, that year they could have avoided hundreds of murders, thousands of rapes and tens of thousands of assaults.In the next paragraph you get a sense of where that term "deeply contested" may have originated. Badger went to Johns Hopkins University gun ban researcher Daniel Webster. Webster was part of the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy that held a "summit" at UVA at the end of last year. Webster is currently involved in a project of the Police Executive Research Forum funded by the U.S. Department of Justice where he is studying a City of Sacramento ordinance requiring purchasers of ammunition in the city to sign a log and leave a fingerprint at the time of purchase and what impact it may have had on reducing crime.
Webster told Badger:
"John Lott’s research was in my opinion very instrumental over decades in having more states pass laws to make it easier to get permits to carry concealed loaded guns, and to lessen the barriers for those permit holders to take guns in ever more places, whether it's bars, or places of worship, or schools," says Daniel Webster, the director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. "It’s all based upon Lott’s scholarship that has been completely discredited."In fact, the very study that Webster sited to Badger as proof that Lott's research on concealed carry is flawed was itself challenged in the research paper, Trust But Verify: Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy. The Abstract to that paper notes:
In a recent article, Aneja, Donohue and Zhang claim that they are unable to replicate the regressions published by the National Research Council in Chapter 6 of Firearms and Violence. They conclude that the NRC regressions must have been based on bad data supplied by John Lott. The implication is that earlier studies that found that right-to-carry laws reduced crime were flawed because of bad data. However, we can replicate the NRC results with Lott’s original data and with the data set used by the NRC. The earlier studies are not flawed by bad data.But even more important. Webster's quote in the blog post that "My opinion is that I think there’s greater evidence that they probably have had some harmful impact" just doesn't hold up when you look at the numbers. For instance, between 2006 and 2012, the number of firearms sold in Virginia increased 101% while crime committed with a firearm decreased 28%. Firearm related crime has dropped in Virginia for four consecutive years. A VCU criminal justice researcher put it this way:
“This appears to be additional evidence that more guns don’t necessarily lead to more crime,” said Thomas R. Baker, an assistant professor at Virginia Commonwealth University’s L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs who specializes in research methods and criminology theory.Those who question Lott's research usually are on the side of the argument that wants to place more restrictions on law abiding gun owners. So, why doesn't the media openly question the bias that a proponent of gun control may have in their research?
In the event you had a hard time making out those comments, this is what Hymes said as posted on the Republican Party of Virginia web site:
"I don't think you ought to be able to sell somebody an AR-15, either. Because, law enforcement should have those kinds. We've had to give our law enforcement in Tazewell County AR-15s because, you know, they go up a holler, some guy's got one. He's bought one. Virginia's gun laws are pretty doggone liberal."
"I do believe you ought to register handguns, we ought to have something. If they had not let that assault rifle ban drop, then that probably wouldn't be a problem. So that's kinda where I am."As of this writing, NRA-PVF has posted an "AQ" rating for Hymes for the special election set for August 19 to fill the vacant seat of former State Senator Phil Puckett (State Senate District 38). That rating is based on responses on the candidate's questionnaire. We have to presume he told the NRA that he is against gun control to get that rating. Clearly, the above comments would indicate otherwise. So, is Hymes trying to have it both ways?
If you live in Senate District 38, vote your rights. On August 19th, vote for Ben Chafin.
Taking into account the summaries from the WaPo and from Fox31, it is clear that one should not read them as if they were legal codes. For example, the WaPo article indicates that non-residents “without felony records” can carry in D.C. It is possible that Chief Lanier said this, but it seems more likely that the D.C. Attorney advice which she transmitted to the D.C. Police was more restrictive than the article’s text would literally mean. Federal law (18 U.S.C. 922(g)) sets up 9 categories of persons who are prohibited from possessing firearms. A felony conviction is the best-known of the “prohibited persons” classes, but not the only one. It seems doubtful that the new D.C. order allows gun carrying by persons dishonorably discharged by the military, persons convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor against an intimate partner, and so on, who are prohibited by federal law from gun possession.And Kopel notes other things to consider:
Nothing in the District Court’s opinion invalidates the D.C. ban on magazines holding more than 10 rounds. Nothing in the opinion addresses the numerous federal and D.C. laws which prohibit carry in a huge number of locations within the District–such as most federal buildings, lots of federal property, as well as schools and colleges. (The D.C. “school” ban even encompasses a school of cosmetology whose students are all adults.) Under a 2009 federal statute, National Parks must follow the arms-carrying policies of their host state. The National Park Service regulation implementing this statute includes the following exemption to a general ban on weapons in National Parks. “(h) Notwithstanding any other provision in this Chapter, a person may possess, carry, and transport concealed, loaded, and operable firearms within a national park area in accordance with the laws of the state in which the national park area, or that portion thereof, is located, except as otherwise prohibited by applicable Federal law.” 36 C.F.R. § 2.4. Thus, it might arguably be lawful to carry a concealed handgun at the Jefferson Memorial, if you have a handgun carry permit from your home state (or if you are a D.C. resident with a registered handgun).The order provided to Metropolitan Police Officers by Chief Cathy Lanier can be found here.
In 2012, Guns Save Life took up 65 clunkers to trade for perfectly good cash. Some of our guns were fire-damaged, others were just pre-1898 rust-ruined barreled-actions and some were literally held together with tape. We received $6240 that day for our collection of junk – including one starter pistol that wouldn’t fire a real bullet on the best day, but did gain us yet another $100 gift card.The results:
We’ve been spending that money on ammunition for the nation’s longest-running NRA Youth Shooting camp each year, held annually at Darnall’s Gun Works and Ranges in Bloomington, IL. This year was the 20th anniversary of the camp, and Guns Save Life spent the final $2000 of that Chicago money on ammo to teach 151 young people, ages roughly 9-16 how to safely handle guns over the four-day, three-night camp. I'd say that's putting Chicago's money to good use!
D.C. police have been ordered not to arrest people for carrying pistols and deadly weapons in public. Washingtonians can still face criminal charges for carrying unregistered firearms and ammunition, but the millions of people who visit the nation’s capital are exempt from those provisions under an order from Metropolitan Police Chief Cathy L. Lanier. The chief’s guidance effectively put the District’s firearm regulations, at least for non-residents, on a par with the most permissive gun jurisdictions in the country. D.C. police got additional guidance from Lanier on Monday afternoon. She clarified that the ruling applies only to handguns, not long guns or shotguns that are still illegal, and that committing crimes with handguns remains illegal.
For non-residents, legal possession of a handgun in D.C. is based on the laws of their home jurisdiction, meaning D.C. police will be responsible for knowing and enforcing licensing and permitting restrictions from around the country. Lanier noted that additional information on gun laws in other states will be forthcoming and said that in the meantime, officers can call a 24-hour information line.
Lanier’s orders came in response to Judge Frederick Scullin Jr.’s July 26 ruling in Palmer v. District of Columbia that D.C.’s complete ban on the carrying of handguns in public is unconstitutional. In the 19-page decision, Scullin wrote that he was stopping enforcement of the law “unless and until” the city adopted a constitutionally valid licensing mechanism.
In her follow-up guidance to officers, Lanier nodded to the confusion. “Unfortunately, this ruling has left many unanswered legal questions that are currently being reviewed by the [Office of the Attorney General],” she stated.This guidance could be short lived as the D.C. Attorney General has filed for a stay of the ruling, sighting the Madigan case from Illinois where the 7th Circuit stayed the ruling for 180 days. This gave Illinois time to come up with a plan to issue permits. It is unclear if D.C. wants the stay to appeal the case or to comply with it.
Senior NRA Field Rep for Virginia David Wells, said credit to the success of the event goes to a team of volunteers that planned, coordinated and chaperoned this event. The program is made possible through the proceeds of Friends of NRA events throughout Virginia.
Three participants earned scholarship money and all had a great time. A full report on the weekend can be found here.
Charges against two men whom Capitol Police allegedly stopped from bringing 9 mm handguns to Capitol Hill could change, as attorneys scramble to interpret the effect of a federal judge overturning the District’s handgun ban. On July 26, Judge Frederick Scullin Jr. ruled in Palmer v. District of Columbia that D.C.’s complete ban on the carrying of handguns in public is unconstitutional. In the 19-page decision, Scullin wrote that he was stopping enforcement of the law “unless and until” the city adopted a constitutionally valid licensing mechanism. D.C. police were subsequently instructed not to enforce the law against carrying pistols in public. In two separate incidents that are raising questions about campus security, Hill staffer Ryan Shucard and pork executive Ronald William Prestage were charged with violating that law when police uncovered handguns and magazines during administrative searches at the Cannon House Office building. The order not to enforce the law came from Metropolitan Police Chief Cathy L. Lanier on Sunday and is being implemented “until further notice,” according to her notice.Likely stopped, at least for now, by the ruling from proceeding on charges related to violating DC city ordinances, federal prosecutors are considering charging both with violating the prohibition on possessing a firearm at the Capitol building or grounds.
Former N.J. Governor Jim Florio Offers Lame Response to Lott Op/Ed on Christie Magazine/Gun Ban Veto
First, his book echoes the National Rifle Association’s executive director’s stated view that the answer to gun violence is more guns for everybody. Most people reject this Wild West attitude to law enforcement by shootouts. He offers the fact that there is no evidence to justify limits on magazine capacity.
Aside from the fact that the NRA has forced Congress into prohibiting gun violence research, by following his logic, there is no hard evidence that proposed limits don’t provide better protection. Common sense, however, dictates that when seconds count, a mass killer needs time to change magazines.Note that Florio trots out the gun ban lobby's talking point about the lack of research. But Lott has addressed that too:
Despite his widely publicized claim, no evidence has been provided that firearms research actually declined either after the Dickey Amendment to the Centers for Disease Control funding was passed in 1997 appropriations or restrictions were imposed on the National Institute of Health and other federal health agencies funding gun research. What Bloomberg measures is firearms research relative to all other research. And, indeed, after the 1996 restrictions on federal funding, firearms research in medical journals did fall as a percentage of all research but total research on firearms has increased over that time.
Florio goes on to endorse all the policies Obama trotted out last year, and throws in a ban on .50 rifles, even though no one can tell us when the last time a gang banger or your average run of-the-mill criminal used .50 rifle into a convenience store to commit a robbery.
Dr. Lott has in the past posted on his blog point by point responses to his critics. I'm looking forward to him taking Florio's argument apart.
People make choices their entire life and have to live with those choices and accept responsibility for their actions.Kyle Scott, who teaches American politics and constitutional law at Duke University and the University of Houston, referred to it as a lack of a moral compass. Watson would probably agree.
Let me just add to the points Watson made related to gun sales, between 2006 and 2012, firearm sales in Virginia increased 101% while at the same time, crime dropped 28%. And last year, murders were down in the City of Richmond to levels not seen in 30 years. The total for 2013 was 37. Within the first four months of 1994, 60 murders had been committed.
While a number of factors lead to a reduction in crime, it is clear, that more guns do not equal more crime.
Gun-control advocates have long asserted that 40 percent of gun sales nationwide are made by private sellers and thus not subject to background checks. President Barack Obama cited the number last year, unsuccessfully urging Congress to pass a law mandating "universal background checks." But that figure, which Colorado legislative analysts and CBI officials say was the best available for the basis of their estimation calculus, comes from a 1997 National Institute of Justice report that gun-right's activists criticize as inaccurate. Catherine Mortensen, a spokeswoman for the National Rifle Association, said that using the 40 percent figure as a basis for Colorado's projection "calls into question lawmakers' access to accurate information on not only this, but all firearms-related legislation."That 1997 NIJ report was based on data collected from a survey in 1994, the same year that the Brady Act requirements for background checks came into effect. The questions concerned purchases dating as far back as 1991 which was before the Brady Act became law. This means that some, if not many, of the firearm sales included in that study were bought in a pre-Brady environment. But of course, the gun banners retreat to their time worn "if we only stop one person..."
"The bottom line," he said, "is even if one, or five, or 10, or 10,000 or 20,000 people are being blocked, that's less dangerous people walking around with guns."Never mind that most criminals are going to buy their firearms legally to start with.
The 31st Annual Virginia Outdoor Sportsman's Show returning to the Richmond Raceway Complex! There's plenty of parking, more space for the 350 fun and exciting new exhibits, demonstrations and seminars- something for everyone in the family. The show has expanded into a third building which will include a new air gun shooting range sponsored by Crossman, an archery range sponsored by Parker Bows, decoy exhibit and contest, VDGIF K9 teams, casting range for kids and much more. Experienced and novice sportsmen and sportswomen can try the latest in new equipment and learn about new places and techniques to enjoy Virginia's great outdoors. Hunter Education Instructors will have exhibits and demonstrations on safe firearms handling, tree stand use and safety reminders for both experienced and novice hunters. This is your chance to see the biggest bucks harvested in Virginia. Deer hunters throughout Virginia will bring their mounts to this prestigious contest, organized by the Virginia Deer Hunters Association (VDHA). Celebrity guests R.J. Molinere and Jay Paul Molinere - Swamp People on the History Channel, Kip Campbell, Host of Red Arrow TV and Fred Abbas Co-Host of TV's A-Way Outdoors will be featured at this year's show.
The Virginia Hunter Skills Weekend will be held at Holiday Lake August 22-24. This program open to ages 11-90+ offers opportunities to learn new skills or fine-tune the ones you already have. Three 4-hour sessions in a variety of topics provide skills development for new and seasoned hunters alike and include pistol, rifle, shotgun, skeet, trap and muzzleloading shooting, archery, survival, game processing, cooking, preserving your wild game harvest, and a variety of big and small game hunting techniques. This partnership program is presented by the VA Hunter Education Association, VDGIF and Holiday Lake 4-H Educational Center near Appomattox. Registration is open until August 8, 2014 and the cost is $120.00 (meals and lodging included); a discounted fee is available before August 1, 2014. Completion of a Hunter Education course is preferred but not required; children under 18 must attend with a parent. For more information visit www.holidaylake4h.com, call Holiday Lake at (434) 248-5444 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Annual Farmville Outdoor Festival sponsored by Riverside Community Church is being held Saturday, August 23 at the Five County Fairgrounds, with many fun filled activities and events planned. VDGIF will be offering shotgun training with the opportunity to try your skills at simulated hunting scenarios with clay throwers, as well as fishing skills at the kid's fish pond. Other activities include a turkey call seminar from Quaker Boy Pro-Staff followed by a Turkey Calling Contest for youth and adults! Bugg's Island Archery is hosting a 3-D archery contest and Appomattox River Kennels is sponsoring a Big Buck Contest. This event is for all ages, so come out and bring your family and friends for a day of fun in the outdoors! For more information, view flyer Farmville Outdoor Festival (PDF), or contact Riverside Community Church at 434-547-6770.
Capitol Police confiscated a 9mm Ruger handgun from the bag of Camden, S.C., resident Ronald William Prestage shortly after 9 a.m. on Wednesday morning at the Cannon House Office Building. Prestage, 59, was arrested and charged with carrying a pistol without a license, a District of Columbia offense that carries up to five years in prison.Are there really this many people that don't know about D.C.s gun laws and their propensity for make examples of anyone caught with a firearm inside the city?
...Jason Kalafat, a partner at Price Benowitz LLP who has been hired to represent Shucard in D.C. court, had no comment on his client’s status as a gun owner in Virginia. He said there is no allegation that Shucard had the gun unlawfully, and pointed out that he is not being prosecuted for the federal offense of carrying on Capitol grounds, which carries up to five years in prison.
Kalafat said the difference between gun regulations in D.C. and Virginia creates a “big problem.” Because the Capitol grounds are federal property, they are not subject to the District’s strict gun laws.The same thing could happen in Virginia were it not for pre-emption, which prevents localities from passing their own gun laws. Say for instance, if Virginia did not have pre-emption, a gun owner traveling from one state to the next would have to know all the gun laws for every locality between the starting point and the final destination to make sure they did not get ensnared by them.
Shucard's case reminds me of the cases where gun owners have mistakenly attempted to take firearms through airport security. It's obvious that they intended no harm. Unfortunately in the case of Shucard, DC seems intent on making an example of him.
Protect your rights! Make sure all of your gun owning family and friends are registered to vote.
But there is a reason that gun control supporters, such as Malloy, don’t provide evidence that Christie is factually in the wrong. There have been plenty of studies on assault weapon bans by criminologists and economists alike, but there isn’t any evidence that limiting magazine size helps fight crime.
Take the work of two criminology professors, Chris Koper and Jeff Roth. They were hired by the Clinton administration to evaluate the original assault weapons ban, which limited magazines to 10 bullets. They found: “the evidence is not strong enough for us to conclude that there was any meaningful effect (i.e., that the effect was different from zero).”
At the time, Koper and Roth suggested that after the ban had been in effect for more years, it might be possible to find a benefit. Seven years later, in 2004, they published a follow-up study for the National Institute of Justice with fellow criminologist Dan Woods that concluded, “we cannot clearly credit the ban with any of the nation’s recent drop in gun violence. And, indeed, there has been no discernible reduction in the lethality and injuriousness of gun violence.”Even a bureau of the U.S. Department of Justice included Lott's article in their news clips for the day.
At least they don't completely dismiss the other side of the gun control debate as completely out of hand.
To register, email email@example.com.
Coach: Darnell, Mike
Captain: Darnell, Mike
Team MemberStandingSittingProne RFProne SFAggregateThome, Dominic 95 - 3 95 - 3 94 - 0 184 - 4 468 - 10 Reinboldt, John 92 - 0 99 - 0 91 - 0 174 - 1 456 - 1
VSSS #2 finished 30th:
Captain: Jamison, Michael
Team MemberStandingSittingProne RFProne SFAggregateAllison, Robert 90 - 0 97 - 3 93 - 1 178 - 3 458 - 7 Slota, Anne CIV 89 - 2 98 - 5 84 - 2 176 - 1 447 - 10
VSSA #3 finished 38th:
Coach: McKaig, William CIV
Captain: McKaig, William CIV
Team MemberStandingSittingProne RFProne SFAggregateSawyer, Benjamin CIV 89 - 1 96 - 2 97 - 2 187 - 5 469 - 10 Kissik, Anthony 75 - 0 93 - 2 90 - 1 165 - 1 423 - 4
VSSA #5 finished 56th:
Coach: Jamison, Michael
Captain: Darnell, Mike
Team MemberStandingSittingProne RFProne SFAggregateImel, Tyler CIV 76 - 0 90 - 1 85 - 0 179 - 2 430 - 3 Moore, Collin 85 - 1 63 - 1 83 - 0 173 - 4 404 - 6
VSSA #4 finished 68th:
Coach: MSgt Hicks, Donnie ANG
Team MemberStandingSittingProne RFProne SFAggregateCavender, Samuel CIV 74 - 0 87 - 1 82 - 0 166 - 3 409 - 4 Ross, Andrew CIV 83 - 0 87 - 0 61 - 0 132 - 0 363 - 0
In the CMP-USMC Jr Highpower Clinic EIC Match, Dominic Thome finished 40th, out of 146 shooters, Anne Slota finished 66th, John Reinboldt finished 72nd, Samuel Cavender finished 77th, Andrew Ross finished 89th, Robert Allison finished 90th, Collin Moore finished 96th. Benjamin Sawyer finished 96th, Tyler Imel finished 107th, Anthony Kissik finished 122nd.
In the National Trophy Junior Team Individual, Benjamin Sawyer finished 27th out of 170, Dominic Thome finished 30th, Robert Allison finished 52nd, John Reinboldt finished 58th, Anne Slota finished 71st, Tyler Imel finished 105th, Anthony Kissik finished 113th, Samuel Cavender finished 131, Collin Moore finished 138th, and Andrew Ross finished 157th.
Mike and his team of coaches have worked hard to recruit new youth shooters to VSSA's high power rifle program. Congratulations to all of the shooters and look for more updates from Perry as our teams, adult and youth continue to compete.
“That gun was not purchased in the District of Columbia,” (Mayor Vincent) Gray said. “That gun was not gotten from the District of Columbia. It came from a neighboring state, Virginia, whose gun laws are far more permissive than the District of Columbia and doesn’t have the level of background checks that we have.”Kentucky Congressman Thomas Massie, the main congressional sponsor of the budget amendment, correctly pointed out that those restrictive gun laws did nothing to stop the killer. It should also be noted that the problem was not Virginia's "permissive" gun laws, but the fact that several law enforcement people who came into contact with the killer prior to his purchasing the firearms did not take the extra step to report his erratic behavior, which may have prevented him from being able to make the legal purchases of the firearms he used.
But facts are inconvenient things to gun banners.
A rule-or-ruin campaign by the Republican minority had turned the filibuster from a rarely used tactic reserved for extreme circumstances into a weapon of mass obstruction, used routinely to block nominations and paralyze entire government agencies.
That’s why the Senate had to change its rules to end filibusters with a simple majority vote. But now a months-long Republican temper tantrum is wasting the Senate’s — and the American people’s — time, necessitating new countermeasures. I don't recall Aron making the same complaint about the Democrats when they were in the minority during the Bush Administration and how they held up, and in some cases killed, a number of Bush court appointees, using the exact same "weapon of mass obstruction." And, maybe given the likelihood that Democrats may lose control of the Senate this year, she may wonder if she should have been more careful for what she wished.
Olympic Dreams Begin Here is on the banner, but the hard work takes place on ranges like the Norfolk County Rifle Range (NCRR) in Chesapeake, VA. On June 27, during the 2014 National Junior Olympic 3P Air Rifle Championship held at Camp Perry, Ohio, the 4-H Patriot Shooting Club precision air rifle team shot these scores:
Robert Hudson 577, Claire Zanti 579, Anika Corsi 583, Madeleine Godwin 591, Sarah Osborn 593. Madeleine placed 5th, and Sarah Osborn was named the USA Shooting National Champion for 2014. She was awarded the coveted USA Shooting jacket and a spot on the Junior National Development Team. USA Shooting’s Youth Development Director Michael Theimer, Sarah Osborn (Hampton, Virginia), Kristyn Trump (DuBois, Pennsylvania), Director of Civilian Marksmanship (Emeritus) Gary Anderson. The 4-H Patriot Shooting Club precision team set a new National Record for a 4-H Team in a 3x20 match by shooting a score of 2344. Below is a photo of the Friday Junior Olympic award ceremony.
On June 28, the 4-H Patriot Shooting Club precision team competed in the 2014 CMP National Championship held at Camp Perry, Ohio. The 4-H Patriot Shooting Club precision team shot these scores:
Anika Corsi 577, Robert Hudson 583, Claire Zanti 591, Madeleine Godwin 591, Sarah Osborn 593. Claire placed 4th, Madeleine placed 3rd with a Bronze medal, and Sarah Osborn placed second with a Silver medal. Sarah set 4 National records for kneeling with her score of 200 with 19 center tens (of 20 shots).
The Patriot team set three new National Records for a 4-H Team, Club team, and Overall in a 3x20 match by shooting a score of 2352. This is the highest team score ever in Junior Air Rifle Shooting. The 4-H Patriot Shooting Club is the 2014 CMP National Champion Precision Air Rifle Team.Anika Corsi, Madeleine Godwin, Claire Zanti, Robert Hudson, Sarah Osborn, and coach Lynn WheelessThe prestigious Junior Distinguished Badge for excellence in three-position air rifle competitions was awarded to Claire Zanti, Madeleine Godwin, and Robert Hudson.Madeleine Godwin was awarded a $1,000 scholarship for being the highest scoring high school senior.The team wishes to thank all of the adults from around the state whose cumulative efforts to support junior shooting sports in Virginia contributed to their success.
Scores can be found here. National Records are here.
Thanks to Norfolk County Rifle Range (NCRR) for submitting this news. NCRR is a 100% VSSA membership club.